Sugar Maple

Scientific Name

Acer saccharum

Wildlife Value


Average height




Shade Tolerance


Drought Tolerance


Growth Rate




Special Characteristics

  Source of Maple Syrup (Hard Maple)

Seedling Size 12" to 18"






General Description

A 10-year-old tree is typically about 5 m (15 ft) tall. The Sugar Maple is a favorite street and garden tree because of it's large canopy and crown along with its beautiful fall color. The shade and the shallow, fibrous roots may interfere with grass growing under the trees. Deep well-drained loam is the best rooting medium, although Sugar Maple can grow well on sandy soil which does not become excessively dry. Light (or loose) clay soils are also well known to support Sugar Maple. Poorly drained areas are unsuitable and the species is especially short-lived on flood-prone clay flats. Its salt tolerance is low and it is very sensitive to boron.



The Sugar Maple is the major source of sap for making maple syrup. The wood is one of the hardest and densest of the maples and is prized for furniture and flooring. Bowling alleys and bowling pins are both commonly manufactured from sugar maple. Trees with wavy wood grain, which can occur in curly, quilted and "birdseye maple" form, are especially valued. Maple is also the wood used for basketball courts, including the floors used by the NBA, and it is a popular wood for baseball bats, along with white ash. It is also widely used in the manufacture of musical instruments, such as the members of the violin family (sides and back) guitars (neck) and drum shells.

Sugar Maple (bundle of 25)

    110 2nd Street South Suite 128, Waite Park, MN 56387 | Ph: 320-251-7800 x3 | Fax: 855-205-6907

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