Name Common Elderberry
Family Species Sambucus canadensis
Wildlife Value Good
Average height 9’
Shade Tolerance Moderate
Drought Tolerance Fair
Growth Rate Rapid
Fruit Only the purplish-black berries are edible
Special Characteristics Berries high in vitamin C
Seedling Size 12” to 18”
Common elderberry is quite versatile used as dyes, tools and instruments. The edible berries can be used for wine, jellies, pies, candy and sauces. Elderberry produces a good seed crop nearly every year. It can reach full size in 3-4 years. It is considered to be short-lived.
Elder shoot borer, cecropia moth, certain species of aphids.
It is useful ground cover for stabilizing streambanks and eroding sites. It provides food, cover, perching, and nesting for birds and other wildlife.